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Exercise and Bone Health: How to Build Strong Bones

Post written by BFH Staff Writer on October 6, 2023
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Strong bones are the pillars on which we build a vibrant, active, and fulfilling life. They provide the foundation for our movements, allowing us to run, jump, and dance gracefully and confidently. While many know that exercise is crucial for our overall well-being, did you know it also plays a vital role in building and maintaining strong bones?

This article will explore the fascinating relationship between exercise and bone health. We will learn how suitable types of physical activity can stimulate bone growth, enhance bone density, and help prevent conditions such as osteoporosis. Whether you’re a fitness enthusiast, an athlete looking to optimize performance, or someone seeking to improve your bone health, this comprehensive guide inspires and educates you.

The Importance of Strong Bones 

Strong bones are crucial for several reasons:


  • Structural Integrity: Bones serve as the framework of our body, providing necessary support for maintaining an upright posture, performing everyday activities, and enabling movements like standing, sitting, and walking.
  • Muscle Attachment: Bones play a crucial role in muscle function by providing attachment points. When muscles contract, they pull on the bones, creating movement.


  • Shielding Vital Organs: Bones act as a protective barrier around vital organs. For example, the skull protects the brain, while the ribcage safeguards the heart and lungs, reducing the risk of injury to these essential organs.
  • Preventing Injury: Strong bones can absorb impact during accidents or falls, reducing the risk of fractures and severe injuries.


  • Joint Function: Healthy bones are necessary for proper joint function. Bones, muscles, and ligaments work together in joints to facilitate smooth and coordinated movement.
  • Balance and Coordination: Bones provide stability and anchor muscles, tendons, and ligaments, enabling balance and coordination.

Blood Cell Production

  • Bone Marrow: Certain bones, like those in the spine, pelvis, and femur, contain bone marrow responsible for producing red and white blood cells. These cells are crucial for oxygen transport and immune function.

Mineral Storage

  • Calcium and Phosphorus: Bones serve as a reservoir for essential minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, necessary for various bodily functions.

Exercise and Bone Health:

Regular exercise has a profound impact on bone health. It helps maintain and increase bone density, reducing the risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Here are some ways exercise benefits your bones:

Weight-Bearing Exercise:

Weight-bearing exercises require you to work against gravity, such as walking, running, dancing, and weightlifting. These exercises positively impact bone health because they stimulate bone-forming cells called osteoblasts. When you engage in weight-bearing activities, the mechanical load on your bones triggers the osteoblasts to lay down new bone tissue, increasing bone density and strength. This phenomenon helps to prevent bone loss and lowers the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

Muscle Strengthening:

Muscle-strengthening exercises, including resistance training using weights or resistance bands, build muscle and exert force on your bones. Contracting your muscles against resistance creates tension on the tendons and pulls on the bones, stimulating bone remodeling. This process encourages the deposition of new bone tissue, improving bone density and strength. By strengthening your muscles, you also enhance their support and protection of your bones.

Balance and Coordination:

Exercises focusing on balance and coordination, such as yoga and tai chi, play a crucial role in maintaining bone health. These activities challenge your body’s ability to maintain stable positions and move gracefully, ultimately reducing the risk of falls and related fractures. Practicing balance and coordination exercises enhances the strength and stability of the muscles surrounding your bones. This practice, in turn, improves your overall balance, preventing accidents and injuries that may lead to bone fractures, particularly in older adults.

Impact Sports:

Engaging in impact sports like tennis, basketball, and soccer involves jumping, quick movements, and high-impact actions that place additional stress on your bones. These activities subject your bones to more significant mechanical loading, stimulating bone remodeling and strengthening. The repetitive impact forces from these sports lead to the generation of new bone tissue, enhancing bone density. Participating in impact sports helps to improve bone strength, reducing the risk of fractures and promoting overall bone health.

Variety of Movements:

Engaging in various exercises, including aerobic, strength, and flexibility training, stresses different parts of the skeleton, promoting overall bone health.

Incorporating weight-bearing exercises, muscle-strengthening activities, balance and coordination exercises, and impact sports into your routine improves bone health. By putting stress on your bones through training, you stimulate bone remodeling and the deposition of new bone tissue, increasing bone density and strength. Remember to consult a healthcare professional and gradually progress your exercise routine to ensure safety and long-term benefits for your bones.

Tips for Building Strong Bones Through Exercise:

  • Consult a Professional: Before starting a new exercise program, consult a healthcare provider or fitness trainer for guidance.
  • Combine Different Types of Exercise: Aim for a balanced approach that includes weight-bearing activities, resistance training, and flexibility exercises to target different aspects of bone health.
  • Progressive Resistance: Gradually increase the weight or resistance in strength training to challenge bones and muscles continually.
  • Weight-Bearing Activities: Incorporate walking, hiking, and dancing into your routine to promote bone density.
  • Balance and Stability Training: Include exercises like yoga or tai chi to improve balance and stability, reducing the risk of falls and fractures.
  • Stay Active Throughout Life: Maintain an active lifestyle as you age to preserve bone health.
  • Adequate Nutrition: Combine exercise with a diet rich in calcium, vitamin D, and other bone-boosting nutrients to maximize bone health benefits.

Exercise is a powerful tool for building and maintaining strong bones. Incorporating various weight-bearing, resistance, and balance exercises into your routine can reduce the risk of osteoporosis and fractures while promoting overall well-being. Before starting any new exercise regimen, remember to consult a healthcare professional and enjoy the long-term benefits of a healthy, active lifestyle. Your bones will thank you for it!

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