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Anxiety and Depression and Medicines

Post written by BFH Staff Writer on May 19, 2023
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Depression medicines. Depression and anxiety are mental health disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. These conditions can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, making it challenging to complete daily activities, socialize, or maintain healthy relationships!

Fortunately, certain medications can manage symptoms of depression and anxiety, allowing individuals to lead a better life. Let us find out more about the medicines that treat depression and anxiety.

Depression and Anxiety Medications

Depression and anxiety medication comes in various types, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), benzodiazepines, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). These medications work by altering the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, improving mood, and reducing anxiety symptoms.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are among the most commonly prescribed antidepressants. These medications work by increasing serotonin levels in the brain by blocking its reuptake. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood, appetite, and sleep. Examples of SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and escitalopram (Lexapro). The Journal of the American Medical Association found that SSRIs were highly effective in treating major depression in adults.

Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) 

Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are another type of antidepressant that increases the levels of both serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter that regulates mood, attention, and arousal. Examples of SNRIs include venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta).


Benzodiazepines are a class of medication that commonly treats anxiety disorders. These medications increase the activity of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which reduces anxiety and supports relaxation. Examples of benzodiazepines include lorazepam (Ativan) and alprazolam (Xanax). While benzodiazepines effectively treat anxiety, long-term use can lead to abuse and dependence. That is why doctors prescribe Benzodiazepines for short-term use only.

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) 

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are an older type of antidepressant that block serotonin and norepinephrine’s reuptake. Examples of TCAs include amitriptyline (Elavil) and nortriptyline (Pamelor). While TCAs can effectively treat depression, they are associated with several side effects, including dry mouth, blurred vision, and constipation.


Combining Depression and Anxiety Medications

Recent research has shown that combining medications from different classes can effectively treat depression and anxiety. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry confirmed that combining an SSRI with an SNRI was more effective in treating depression than the medications alone.


Is Wellbutrin an Effective Medication for Depression and Anxiety?

Yes, Wellbutrin is an effective drug for treating depression and anxiety.

Wellbutrin has gained immense popularity in recent years as an effective treatment for depression and anxiety. Wellbutrin, also known as bupropion, is a medication that belongs to the class of medicines known as atypical antidepressants. It works by increasing the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.

Several studies have confirmed the effectiveness of Wellbutrin in treating depression and anxiety. A meta-analysis published in the Journal of Affective Disorders found Wellbutrin was effective in treating symptoms of depression, particularly in individuals who did not respond to other medications. Another study found that Wellbutrin effectively treated anxiety symptoms in individuals with major depressive disorder.


Does Wellbutrin Have Side Effects?

Wellbutrin is well-tolerated, with common side effects including: dry mouth (29%), insomnia (19%), headache (18%), nausea (17%), and dizziness (12%). However, it is important to note that Wellbutrin can interact with other medications, so it is essential to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new medication.

In rare cases, Wellbutrin can cause more severe side effects such as seizures, high blood pressure, and suicidal thoughts or behaviors. According to the medication guide provided by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), people with a history of seizures or eating disorders should avoid Wellbutrin, as it may increase the risk of seizures or worsening symptoms.

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